2024年5月10日開催 六甲フォーラム

日時
2024年510(金)15:30〜17:00
報告者
Alireza Naghavi 氏 (University of Bologna)
論題
"Intellectual Property Rights and Slicing Up Knowledge in Global Value Chains"
開催地
経済学研究科 中会議室(第三学舎1階)
報告言語
英語
共催
科学研究費助成事業基盤(B)23K22115

対面開催

【要旨】

In global supply chains, firms may need to share their technological know-how with suppliers, exposing themselves to imitation in countries with weak intellectual property rights (IPR) protection. We study this phenomenon using global micro data on supplier relationships in the automotive industry for individual car components. The data suggest that car producers use two strategies to protect their knowledge in countries with weak IPR protection: First, they slice up production across suppliers to avoid the concentration of know-how in the hands of a single supplier. Second, they rely on suppliers controlled by multinationals firms from countries with strong IPR protection, which abide by their home institutions and thus effectively protect knowledge within firm boundaries. We formalize these ideas in a theoretical model, which rationalizes the empirically observed relationship between the concentration of components per supplier and IPR protection.